The Aadhaar card is a 12 digit unique identity number that is issued by the Unique Identification Authority of India and is backed by the Government of India. This number acts as a proof of identity and address, within in India.
Any individual who is an Indian resident living in India, irrespective of age and gender, and fulfils the verification process created by the UIDAI can enrol for Aadhaar. The enrolment is just done once but if there're multiple enrolments, then the Aadhaar is generated against one of the enrolment ID’s, others will be rejected as being duplicate. The Enrolment is free and the Aadhaar number that is unique for each individual is valid for lifetime. Residents can avail various benefits and services furnished by banking, mobile phone connections, and other Govt and Non-Govt services with the help of the Aadhaar number.
The Aadhar card, a biometric document, stores an individual's details in the government database. It is becoming the fastest government's base for India's public welfare and citizen services.
While enrolling for Aadhaar Card, the person has to provide some of its demographic and biometric information as described below:
The Demographic information includes:
Date of Birth, Age, Name, Gender, Address, Mobile Number (optional), Email ID (optional); If it's Introducer-based enrolment then Introducer name and Introducer’s Aadhaar number is required; If it's Head of Family-based enrolment, then the Name of Head of Family, Relationship and Head of Family’s Aadhaar number is required; If the enrolment is of a child then Enrolment ID or Aadhaar number of any parent is required, Proof of Relationship (PoR) document
The Biometric information includes:
Two Iris Scans, Ten Fingerprints, and Facial Photograph
To check the Aadhaar status, one can log onto the official website and click on the “check status” tab https://resident.uidai.gov.in/check-aadhaar.